How To Operate A Green House? (Easy GUIDE)

If you have a greenhouse, you know that it’s not just a way to keep your plants warm and cozy. It’s also an indoor environment where you can grow food all year long. 

Like any other living space, greenhouses require upkeep and care. If your greenhouse is new or unused, it may be confusing to figure out what exactly goes into operating one. 

Luckily, there are plenty of guides online that teach you how to do just that! In this blog post, we’ll walk through everything from how climate control works in a greenhouse to how much water different types of soil need.

How to Use A Greenhouse
Operating a greenhouse requires proper understanding and knowledge.
It’s important to know how to regulate temperature and humidity levels in a greenhouse.
Managing light exposure and providing adequate shade is crucial for plant growth.
Regular maintenance and care of the greenhouse structure are necessary for its longevity.
Proper watering and irrigation techniques play a vital role in greenhouse operation.
Understanding the specific needs of different plants and adjusting the environment accordingly is important.
Utilizing greenhouse accessories and tools can enhance efficiency and productivity.
Continuous learning and staying updated with greenhouse techniques can improve results.
Building a supportive community of greenhouse enthusiasts can provide valuable insights and support.
Experimentation and adaptability are key to optimizing greenhouse operation and success.


A greenhouse is a structure that enables you to grow plants in unfavorable weather conditions. It works by increasing the humidity and temperature, which increases plant growth. A greenhouse can be constructed out of a variety of materials, including plastic sheeting or glass panes and frames.

Greenhouses are important because they help growers avoid the risks associated with weather fluctuations and provide them with an opportunity to grow fresh produce throughout the year. 

They also allow producers to reduce their dependency on chemicals while maximizing crop yields through better management practices such as irrigation control, pest management and disease prevention.

The benefits of owning a greenhouse include:

  • Produce year-round (depending on climate)
  • Increase income by selling excess crops in local markets

Maintaining the integrity of your greenhouse canopy top is essential for optimal performance. Our easy tip on reinforcing a canopy top provides valuable insights and techniques to ensure your greenhouse remains sturdy and secure.

Climate Control

A green house is a controlled environment. The temperature and humidity can be controlled, which is not possible in open fields.

A greenhouse has three main components: glass walls, vents and a water supply. There are also heating/cooling systems installed along with misting systems for increasing humidity levels in the air inside the greenhouse.

ThermostatsDevices that regulate temperature in the greenhouse.
HumidifiersIncrease humidity levels in the greenhouse.
DehumidifiersDecrease humidity levels in the greenhouse.
Evaporative CoolersProvide cooling through evaporation of water.
Heating SystemsKeep the greenhouse warm during cold periods.
Cooling SystemsProvide cooling and control temperature.
Shade ClothReduce sunlight and control light exposure.
Automated Control SystemsMonitor and adjust environmental factors automatically.
Ventilation SystemsPromote airflow and control air exchange.


Watering is one of the most important parts of greenhouse management. The time to water your greenhouse is when the soil feels dry, 1″ down. This should be done in the morning and not after dusk.

Natural Lighting

Natural lighting is the most important factor for growing plants. The best natural lighting is from the south or east, so a greenhouse should be oriented towards these directions. 

In addition, it should have adequate protection from strong winds and direct sunlight in winter. A suitable roof can be made from plastic sheeting or glass panels.

Efficiently folding a pop-up canopy is crucial for storage and portability. Learn the step-by-step process in our easy guide on folding a pop-up canopy to make your greenhouse setup hassle-free and convenient.

Soil Management

Soil management is an important part of any successful agricultural operation, and it has many benefits for both the farmer and the environment. 

Soil management is about maintaining the soil in a healthy condition. It involves making sure your soil stays fertile and productive, protecting against erosion, improving soil structure and fertility, and reducing compaction.

Dust Control: This is especially important during planting season because you want to reduce the amount of dust kicked up into the air by tractors driving through fields or wind blowing across them. 

This creates healthier growing conditions and helps prevent harmful chemicals from being released into nearby water sources (if applicable).

Pest Control

Pest control is an important aspect of operating a greenhouse. Pests can be harmful to plants and cause major damage to crops, which can affect the output of your greenhouse. Here are some ways you can keep pests at bay:

  • Use pesticides as a last resort
  • Use natural insecticides instead of chemical ones if possible
  • Try attracting pest predators or using attractant plants that will lure pests away from your crop

When you need a temporary solution for canopy needs, our experience in building a temporary canopy can guide you through the process. Discover practical tips and tricks for creating a versatile canopy structure.

Air Circulation

Air circulation is one of the most important factors in a greenhouse. It’s essential to keep the air fresh and circulating. There are two main ways to do this: exhaust fans and intake fans.

The exhaust fan (or “chimney,” as it’s often called) should be placed at the highest point on your greenhouse so that it can remove hot air from inside, while still allowing some light in through its mesh covering.

The intake fan (or “chimney”) should be placed at floor level near where plants grow, or in another area with good airflow if you want more control over how much light gets into your space. 

This way you can blow warm air out of your greenhouse while keeping cool air from coming in from outside windows or doors—and avoid overheating your plants!

Ceiling FansInstalled on the ceiling to provide airflow throughout the entire space.
Ventilation FansExtract stale air and introduce fresh air to maintain proper airflow.
Circulation FansPromote air movement within a specific area, preventing stagnant air pockets.
Exhaust FansRemove hot air, humidity, and odors from the greenhouse.
Misting SystemsSpray fine mist to cool the air and increase humidity levels.

Ventilation And Exhaust Fans

Ventilation and exhaust fans are essential to the proper running of your greenhouse. Ventilation systems are used to remove excess heat and humidity, while exhaust fans are used to remove air pollution. They should be used in conjunction with lighting for maximum efficiency. To achieve ventilation, open windows, or use exhaust fans that ventilate through the roof.


Your greenhouse flooring is an important aspect of your greenhouse. It’s what keeps everything inside the space, but it should also be easy to clean and disinfect.

Concrete or plastic floors are the best choice for your greenhouse because they can withstand water spills, heavy foot traffic, flood damage and other harsh conditions that may happen during a storm or hurricane. 

These materials are also easy-to-maintain: you just need to sweep or hose down the floor when it gets dirty. However, concrete floors can be slippery when wet so make sure there are no safety hazards near where people stand while working in this area.

Properly shading your greenhouse canopy is vital for regulating temperature and protecting delicate plants. Explore our comprehensive guide on how to shade a canopy to optimize your greenhouse environment and create ideal growing conditions.

Propagation Techniques

Seeds. This is the most common way of propagating plants, because seeds are easy to store and handle. 

If you have a new variety of plant that you would like to grow, try starting it from seed first before trying other methods of propagation. To do this, simply follow these steps:

Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours before planting them into moist soil or compost;

  • Place them in pots with drainage holes;
  • Cover the pots with plastic bags or similar material (to retain moisture), then poke holes in them with a pencil or fork so that air can get through;
  • Water thoroughly within two days after planting out into larger pots (if necessary);
  • Keep your pots indoors until they’re large enough to withstand outdoor weather conditions—this usually takes about one month depending on how many weeks old each individual seedling is when planting starts!
Seed PropagationGrowing plants from seeds.
Cutting PropagationTaking a stem or leaf cutting to propagate.
DivisionDividing a plant into smaller sections.
LayeringEncouraging a stem or branch to root while attached to the parent plant.
GraftingJoining two different plant parts to create a new plant.

Crop Rotation And Succession Planting In A Greenhouse

Crop rotation, in a greenhouse is a technique where different crops are grown in the same plot in sequential seasons. This way, you can prevent soil nutrient depletion, suppress weeds and reduce pest and disease problems.

Crop rotation also allows the soil to recover from the previous crop each winter or summer season. For example, if you grow tomatoes during fall and then cucumbers next spring then make sure that you plant something else before growing tomatoes again.

Taking care of your gazebo canopy is essential to maintain its durability and aesthetics. Our expert tips on treating a gazebo canopy provide valuable insights and techniques to enhance the longevity and appearance of your greenhouse canopy.


We hope you’ve been able to learn more about greenhouses and how to operate one. Please remember that this is just a beginner guide and there are many other factors that can affect the success of your greenhouse. The most important thing is to have fun with it!

Further Reading

Here are some additional resources for further reading on using and understanding greenhouses:

Beginner’s Guide to Using a Hobby Greenhouse: This comprehensive guide provides valuable insights and practical tips for beginners on how to effectively utilize a hobby greenhouse for successful plant cultivation.

How to Use a Greenhouse: A Complete Guide: This complete guide offers step-by-step instructions and expert advice on using a greenhouse to create an optimal environment for growing a wide variety of plants.

Greenhouse Kits: A Buying and Usage Guide: If you’re considering purchasing a greenhouse kit, this guide provides essential information on different types of kits available, their features, and tips on how to make the most out of your greenhouse kit.


Here are some frequently asked questions about greenhouses:

How do I maintain the temperature inside a greenhouse?

Maintaining the temperature inside a greenhouse can be achieved through proper ventilation, shading, and insulation techniques. Good air circulation, the use of shade cloths, and insulation materials help regulate temperature fluctuations and create a favorable environment for plants.

What are the benefits of using a greenhouse?

Greenhouses offer numerous benefits, including extended growing seasons, protection from adverse weather conditions, pest control, and the ability to grow a wider range of plants. They provide controlled environments that enhance plant growth and increase productivity.

How do I control humidity levels in a greenhouse?

Controlling humidity in a greenhouse involves managing ventilation, using dehumidifiers or fans, and proper watering practices. By adjusting these factors, you can maintain optimal humidity levels to prevent mold growth, diseases, and create a healthy growing environment for your plants.

Can I grow vegetables and fruits in a greenhouse?

Yes, greenhouses are excellent environments for growing vegetables and fruits. With proper temperature, light, and moisture control, you can cultivate a variety of crops year-round, including tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, herbs, and even tropical fruits in some cases.

What types of greenhouse designs are available?

There are various greenhouse designs to choose from, including lean-to greenhouses, freestanding or detached greenhouses, hoop houses, and geodesic dome structures. Each design has its own advantages and considerations, depending on your specific needs, available space, and climatic conditions.